June 15, 2024
Health Conditions

What is Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) disease?


Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) disease is a dangerous health condition that can happen when the body does not have enough insulin to utilize glucose as an energy source. One hormone that facilitates the body’s use of glucose in its cells is insulin. The body begins to break down fat for fuel when there is insufficient insulin. Ketones, which are acids produced by this process, can accumulate in the urine and blood. Overly elevated ketones can lead to an acidic bloodstream, electrolyte imbalance, dehydration, and organ damage.

Symptoms of Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA):

The Symptoms of Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) disease are:

  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Shortness of breath or rapid breathing
  • Abdominal pain
  • Dry skin and mouth
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Fruity-smelling breath
  • Flushed face
  • Confusion and drowsiness
  • Blurred vision

Factors that lead to Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA):

Diabetes type 1, in which there is absolutely no insulin production by the body. Diabetic Ketoacidosis is less common in people with type 2 diabetes, but it can still occur.

Insulin pump blockage: The missing or skipping insulin shots, or administering insulin at the incorrect dose.

Experiencing a disease such as infection, trauma, or surgery that heightens the body’s demand for insulin or complicates blood sugar regulation.

Dehydration, vomiting, diarrhea, or frequent urination leads to electrolyte imbalance and fluid loss.

Consuming alcohol or medications that affect the way insulin works or how blood sugar is regulated.

Use of drugs that influence the blood sugar levels, such as beta-blockers, diuretics, or corticosteroids.